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Transplantation. 1986 Nov;42(5):511-5.

The clinical course of IgA-nephropathy and Henoch-Schönlein purpura following renal transplantation.


Recurrence of IgA-nephropathy and Henoch-Schönlein purpura is a common finding after renal transplantation. From 1970 to 1984, 1788 transplants were performed at our center. 13 patients had IgA-nephropathy and 3 patients had Henoch-Schönlein purpura. No patient with Henoch-Schönlein purpura had a proved recurrence. Six patients with IgA-nephropathy had a recurrence of IgA disease in the allograft within 3 to 8 months of transplantation. Three patients with a recurrence have retained their kidneys with stable renal function (follow-up of 1.7-2.7 years). Two of these patients lost their graft from severe rejection. One patient, who received an HLA-identical transplant, lost the graft from recurrent IgA disease associated with crescenteric glomerulonephritis. We found no difference in the prevalence of HLA-B 35 among the IgA patients compared with our total transplant population. IgA patients who received living related transplants had a higher recurrence rate of IgA in their allograft when compared with recipients of cadaveric kidneys (83% vs. 14%). Some caution is recommended in using related donors, especially HLA-identical siblings in patients with renal failure secondary to IgA-nephropathy.

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