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J Mol Biol. 1986 Jul 5;190(1):37-44.

Nucleotide sequence of the phoB gene, the positive regulatory gene for the phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli K-12.


phoB encodes a positive regulator for a number of the genes belonging to the phosphate regulon of Escherichia coli, including phoA, phoS, phoE and ugpAB. We have determined the nucleotide sequence of the chromosomal segment containing the promoter and the coding region of the phoB gene. The sequence data combined with the known amino-terminal amino acid sequence of a PhoB-LacZ hybrid protein suggest that the PhoB protein consists of 228 amino acid residues with a Mr of 26,302. In the regulatory region of the gene, a consensus nucleotide sequence shared by the regulatory regions of the phoA, phoS and phoE genes, which we name the "phosphate box", was found. Since these genes are positively regulated by the product of phoB, this suggests that transcription of the phoB gene is also regulated positively by its own product. Extensive homology was found in the amino acid sequences of the products of phoB, ompR and dye, all of which are positive regulatory genes for a number of genes coding for envelope proteins. This implies that these genes were originally duplications of a protogene that evolved to have divergent but related functions.

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