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Pathol Biol (Paris). 1986 Jun;34(5 Pt 2):611-5.

[Klebsiella oxytoca beta-lactamases: study of their action on 3d-generation cephalosporins].

[Article in French]


Indole-positive Klebsiella pneumoniae or K. oxytoca are usually resistant to penicillins as a result of the production of a chromosomally-mediated beta-lactamase with a low level of synthesis (specific activity approximately 50 to 100 mU/mg). Although most strains are susceptible to the majority of cephalosporins, some strains exhibit resistance to cephalosporins including third-generation drugs. These resistant strains produce a chromosomally-mediated beta-lactamase with a high level of synthesis (specific activity approximately 5,000 mU/mg or higher). Four beta-lactamases have been identified on the basis of their isoelectric points: pI = 5.5, 5.7, 6.0 and 6.3; nevertheless they have similar kinetic constants, and are inhibited by clavulanic acid. These enzymes hydrolyze most third-generation cephalosporins, in the following order of decreasing velocities: cefoperazone, ceftriaxone, cefotaxime, cefodizime, cefpirome; ceftazidime, and cefoxitin, cefotetan, latamoxef, cephamycins which are totally resistant to these enzymes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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