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Metabolism. 1986 Nov;35(11):1048-53.

Prior exercise potentiates the thermic effect of a carbohydrate load.


It is unclear whether dietary-induced thermogenesis (DIT) is increased after exercise. To test this possibility, six healthy volunteers, male and female, exercised for 45 minutes at 70% of maximal aerobic capacity (VO2 max) in the morning after an overnight fast. Two hours after the end of the exercise, by which time VO2 had returned to near baseline levels, subjects ingested a 100-g glucose load. Blood samples and respiratory gas exchange data were collected over the next three hours. On a separate day on which the subjects did not exercise, the test procedure was repeated. Glucose tolerance and the insulin response to the glucose load were not significantly different between the two trials; however, VO2 increased by 15.5% over baseline on the exercise day, compared with only 8.9% when exercise was not performed. The net increase in energy expenditure for the three-hour period following glucose ingestion was 15 kcal/180 min greater on the exercise than on the control day, with increases upwards of 20 kcal/180 min in several individuals. No correlation was found between the magnitude of exercise-enhanced DIT and VO2 max, suggesting that this effect is independent of the state of training. The results indicate that the thermic effect of exogenous carbohydrate can be potentiated by prior exercise.

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