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Biol Reprod. 1986 Sep;35(2):300-11.

Gonadotropin-releasing hormone at estrus: luteinizing hormone, estradiol, and progesterone during the periestrual and postinsemination periods in dairy cattle.

Abstract

Administering gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) improved conception rates in our previous studies. Our objective was to determine if the effect of GnRH was mediated through serum luteinizing hormone (LH) and/or by altered secretion of serum progesterone (P) and estradiol-17 beta (E) during the periestrual and post-insemination periods. Cattle were given either GnRH (n = 54) or saline (n = 55) at 72 h and inseminated artificially (AI) 80 h after the second of two injections of either prostaglandin F2 alpha or its analog, cloprostenol. Progesterone and E were measured in blood serum collected during 3 wk after AI (estrus) from 60 females. Blood was collected for LH determinations via indwelling jugular cannulae from 14 cows and 11 heifers. Collections were taken every 4 h from 32 to 108 h after the second PGF injection (PGF-2) (periestrual period) and at more frequent intervals during 240 min after administration of GnRH (n = 18) or saline (n = 7). Ten females had a spontaneous preovulatory LH surge before GnRH treatment (GnRH-spontaneous), whereas GnRH induced the preovulatory LH surge in six females. A spontaneous LH surge appeared to be initiated in two heifers at or near the time of GnRH treatment (spontaneous and/or induced). The remaining seven cows had spontaneous LH surges with no subsequent change in LH after saline treatment. Serum P during the 21 days after estrus was lower (p less than 0.05) in both pregnant and nonpregnant (open) cattle treated previously with GnRH compared with saline. Serum P during the first week after estrus was greater (p less than 0.01) and increased (p less than 0.05) more rapidly in saline controls and in GnRH-spontaneous cattle than in those exhibiting GnRH-induced or GnRH-spontaneous and/or-induced surges of LH. Conception rate of cattle receiving GnRH was higher (p = 0.06) than that of saline-treated controls. These data suggest that GnRH treatment at insemination initiated the preovulatory LH surge in some cattle, but serum P in both pregnant and open cows was compromised during the luteal phase after GnRH treatment. Improved fertility may be associated with delayed or slowly rising concentrations of serum progesterone after ovulation.

PMID:
3533166
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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