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J Neurosurg. 1986 Oct;65(4):550-4.

Ultrasound-guided stereotaxic biopsy using a new apparatus.


A skull-mounted apparatus is described for use with ultrasound probes 16 mm in diameter (5.0-MHz probes for near-field and 7.5-MHz probes for far-field lesions). The system permits ultrasound-guided stereotaxic biopsy of intracranial lesions through a burr hole in awake or anesthetized patients. This apparatus has been used in 19 patients for biopsy of central nervous system lesions 1.5 to cm in diameter and for drainage of abscess cavities and cysts. The time required to obtain a tissue sample after incision of the skin ranged from 25 to 40 minutes. The only complication was a delayed hemorrhage in a patient with acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. The advantages of this method over those guided by computerized tomography (CT) include less time required for the entire procedure, immediate confirmation of the biopsied target by imaging the echogenic needle track, assessment of cyst or abscess drainage, and detection of hemorrhage within minutes after biopsy. The apparatus may be especially useful in pediatric patients because it obviates the need for general anesthesia during transport to and from the CT scanner. This ultrasound-guided system does not require a craniotomy, craniectomy, or two separate burr holes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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