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Eur J Biochem. 1986 Sep 1;159(2):227-37.

Characterization of the phosphoproteins of Escherichia coli cells by electrophoretic analysis.


The phosphorylated proteins of Escherichia coli, radioactively labeled with [32P]orthophosphate, have been analyzed by the O'Farrell gel technique and autoradiography. The effects of various culture conditions on the pattern of protein phosphorylation have been studied, including growth on different carbon sources in either exponential or stationary phase, treatment of cells with ethanol, heat shock and amino acid starvation. A total number of 128 different phosphoproteins, labeled to a varying extent, have been detected and each of them has been characterized by both its molecular mass and isoelectric point. These proteins are located mainly in the cytosolic fraction of cells, none of them being present within either ribosomes or nucleoids, and only three being associated with membranes. Analysis of their phosphoamino acid content has shown that they are phosphorylated mostly at serine residues and, less frequently, at threonine and tyrosine residues.

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