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Mol Gen Genet. 1986 Jun;203(3):389-96.

Primary and secondary structural homologies between the HIS4 gene product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae and the hisIE and hisD gene products of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium.


A detailed comparative analysis of the Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium hisIE and hisD gene products and the functionally equivalent, single, HIS4 gene product of Saccharomyces cerevisiae permitted several insights concerning the relationship between these genes. Our analysis supports the idea that HIS4 results from the fusion of his IE and hisD. The comparison permitted a more precise definition of the functional domains of hisI/HIS4A and hisE/HIS4B as well as the two functional domains of hisD/HIS4C. The homologies between the bacterial and yeast sequences suggest a region of the hisD/HIS4C protein that may constitute one of the active centres. A large fragment at the amino terminal region of the yeast protein is missing from the bacterial hisIE gene product and is probably not needed for catalytic activity. Another region of non-homology in the yeast protein is probably a peptide bridge connecting the HIS4AB domain to HIS4C. Although the overall homology at the level of amino acid sequence is modest (about 38%) there is a striking similarity when the hydropathic patterns and predicted secondary structural configurations of these proteins are compared.

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