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Plast Reconstr Surg. 1986 Aug;78(2):191-200.

Fibular osteoseptocutaneous flap: anatomic study and clinical application.

Abstract

The vascularized fibular graft has been expanded to an osteoseptocutaneous flap by including a cutaneous flap on the lateral aspect of the lower leg. The cutaneous flap can serve not only for postoperative monitoring of the grafted fibula, but also as extra skin coverage to replace substantial skin defects or prevent tight closure of the wound. From anatomic studies of 20 cadaver legs and 15 clinical cases, it has been possible to demonstrate adequate circulation to the skin of the lateral aspect of the lower leg from the septocutaneous branches of the peroneal artery alone. This finding has allowed the development of a new concept and technique to elevate the fibula as an osteoseptocutaneous flap for reconstruction which provides the following advantages: Elevation of the fibular osteoseptocutaneous unit is easy and fast. The cutaneous flap of the fibular osteoseptocutaneous unit can slide almost freely while attached to the paper-thin posterior crural septum without being tethered by a bulky muscle cuff, facilitating the setting of the fibular osteocutaneous flap when the bone and skin are widely separated. Intraoperatively, in a situation in which it is necessary to change from originally selected recipient vessels to ones more suitable, the thin posterior crural septum can be folded around the fibula allowing more flexibility in choice of recipient vessels. The fibular osteoseptocutaneous flap meets the criteria outlined for composite tissue reconstruction of defects of the extremities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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