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N Engl J Med. 1986 Jul 17;315(3):141-7.

Autologous bone marrow transplantation in patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia, using ex vivo marrow treatment with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide.


We studied 25 patients with acute nonlymphocytic leukemia in second remission (20 patients) or third remission (5 patients) in whom autologous bone marrow transplantation was performed with use of marrow incubated ex vivo with the alkylating agent 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide. Patients received intensive cytoreductive therapy with busulfan and cyclophosphamide or cyclophosphamide and total body irradiation, followed by an infusion of marrow that had been collected in remission, treated with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide, and cryopreserved. Four patients died from bacterial or fungal sepsis within the first month after transplantation, and one patient with persistent marrow hypoplasia died from gram-negative sepsis 155 days after infusion with autologous marrow. In the remaining patients, peripheral-blood levels of neutrophils in excess of 0.5 X 10(9) per liter and platelet counts over 50 X 10(9) per liter were attained at median intervals of 29 and 57 days after transplantation, respectively. Nine patients had leukemic relapses at 73 to 316 days (median, 182 days) after infusion of autologous marrow, for an actuarial relapse rate of 46 percent. Eleven patients (eight in second remission and three in third) remained in remission at a median of more than 400 days (range, greater than 230 to greater than 1653 days) after transplantation. The observed disease-free survival after transplantation with autologous marrow treated with 4-hydroperoxycyclophosphamide compares favorably with the results of syngeneic or allogeneic transplantation in similar groups of patients.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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