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Biochemistry. 1986 May 20;25(10):2756-65.

Binding of Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S8 to 16S rRNA: kinetic and thermodynamic characterization.

Abstract

A sensitive membrane filter assay has been used to examine the kinetic and equilibrium properties of the interactions between Escherichia coli ribosomal protein S8 and 16S rRNA. In standard conditions (0 degrees C, pH 7.5, 20 mM Mg2+, 0.35 M KCl) the apparent association constant is 5 +/- 0.5 X 10(-7) M-1. The interaction is highly specific, and the kinetics of the reaction are consistent with the apparent association constant. Nevertheless, the rate of association is somewhat slower than that expected for a diffusion-controlled reaction, suggesting some steric constraint. The association is only slightly affected by temperature (delta H = -1.8 kcal/mol). The entropy change [delta S = +29 cal/(mol K)] is clearly the main driving force for the reaction. The salt dependence of Ka reveals that five ions are released upon binding at pH 7.5 and in the presence of 10 mM magnesium. The substitution of various anions for Cl- has an appreciable effect on the magnitude of Ka, following the order CH3COO- greater than Cl- greater than Br-, thus indicating the existence of anion binding site(s) on S8. An equal number of ions were released when Cl- was replaced by CH3COO-, but the absence of anion release upon binding cannot be excluded. On the other hand, the free energy of binding appears not to be exclusively electrostatic in nature. The effect of pH on both temperature and ionic strength dependence of Ka has been examined. It appears that protonation of residue(s) (with pK congruent to 9) increases the affinity via a generalized charge effect. On the other hand, deprotonation of some residue(s) with a pK congruent to 5-6 seems to be required for binding. Furthermore, the unique cysteine present in S8 was shown to be essential for binding.

PMID:
3521721
DOI:
10.1021/bi00358a003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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