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J Immunol. 1986 May 15;136(10):3631-5.

Different subclass distribution of IgA-producing cells in human lymphoid organs and various secretory tissues.


A highly reproducible paired immunofluorescence staining method was used to map the relative distribution of IgA1- and IgA2-producing cells in peripheral lymphoid organs and various secretory tissues. Spleen, peripheral lymph nodes, and tonsils all contained a marked predominance (91 to 95%) of IgA1 immunocytes. However, striking variations were demonstrated among the secretory tissues with regard to the median proportion of IgA1-producing cells: nasal mucosa, 96%; lacrimal glands, 81%; major salivary glands, 66%; mammary glands, 63%; gastric and proximal small intestinal mucosa, 84 to 77%; ileum, 55%; and large bowel, 41%. Thus, IgA2 production is relatively enhanced mainly in the distal gut and in mammary and salivary glands, in that order.

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