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Gene. 1986;41(1):75-84.

Primary structure of the maltase gene of the MAL6 locus of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis.


We have determined the complete nucleotide (nt) sequence of a 2937-bp DNA fragment containing the yeast maltase (EC gene (MAL6S) as well as part of the contiguous maltose permease gene (MAL6T) from the MAL6 locus of Saccharomyces carlsbergensis. The MAL6S gene encodes an alpha-glucosidase that is required for the utilization of maltose as a carbon source by yeast. The 5' transcription initiation sites for both MAL6S and MAL6T were determined by primer extension experiments using reverse transcriptase. The sequence data show one major open reading frame (ORF) of 584 amino acids (aa) for maltase with a calculated Mr of 68 107, somewhat larger than the value of 63 000 previously determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS)-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) analysis. The nucleotide sequences upstream of both the MAL6S and MAL6T genes, which are divergently transcribed, show common structural features for the transcription initiation of yeast genes as well as signals required for their translation. The codon bias index shows that the MAL6S gene is moderately expressed. The possible significance of two 17-bp dyad symmetric sequences, found in the intergenic region of MAL6S and MAL6T, for the control of expression of these genes is also discussed.

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