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Dev Biol. 1986 May;115(1):129-39.

Proliferation of muscle satellite cells on intact myofibers in culture.


Muscle satellite cells are quiescent myogenic stem cells situated between the basal lamina and plasmalemma of mature skeletal muscle fibers. Injury to the fiber triggers the activation and proliferation of satellite cells whose progeny subsequently fuse to form new myotubes during regeneration. In this paper we report the proliferation of satellite cells on single muscle fibers isolated from adult rats and placed in culture. Viable fibers were liberated from muscle with collagenase and purified from non-muscle cells. The fibers were covered with a basal lamina and retained normal morphological characteristics. Each fiber contained two to three satellite cells per 100 myonuclei. Satellite cells showed little proliferative activity in medium with 10% serum but could be induced to enter the cell cycle by chick embryo extract or fibroblast growth factor. Other polypeptide mitogens such as epidermal growth factor, multiplication stimulating activity, and platelet-derived growth factor were ineffective. Mitogen-stimulated satellite cells fused to form new myotubes after 4-5 days in culture. These results imply that satellite cells are under positive growth control since they proliferate in contact with viable mature fibers when stimulated with mitogen. The mature fibers remained viable in culture but did not give rise to mononucleated cells. After several days, however, the fibers began to extend sarcoplasmic sprouts and underwent dedifferentiative changes that led to the formation of multinucleated cells resembling myotubes. These cells reexpressed embryonic isozymes of creatine kinase not made by the mature fibers.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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