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Nature. 1986 Mar 20-26;320(6059):283-7.

Sequence homology of the yeast regulatory protein ADR1 with Xenopus transcription factor TFIIIA.


Classical yeast genetics coupled with the cloning of regulatory genes by complementation of function is a powerful means of identifying and isolating trans-acting regulatory elements. One such regulatory gene is ADR1 which encodes a protein required for transcriptional activation of the glucose-repressible alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH2) gene. We now report the nucleotide sequence of ADR1; it encodes a polypeptide chain of 1,323 amino acids, of which the amino-terminal 302 amino acids are sufficient to stimulate ADH2 transcription. This active amino-terminal region shows amino-acid sequence homology with the repetitive DNA-binding domain of TFIIIA, an RNA polymerase III transcription factor of Xenopus laevis. Similar domains are found in proteins encoded at the Kr├╝ppel and Serendipity loci of Drosophila melanogaster. We discuss the implications of this structural homology and suggest that a similar domain may exist in other yeast regulatory proteins such as those encoded by GAL4 (ref. 13) and PPR1 (ref.14).

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