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Mol Biochem Parasitol. 1986 Jan;18(1):3-15.

In vitro inhibition of Plasmodium falciparum by pyrazofurin, an inhibitor of pyrimidine biosynthesis de novo.


The effect of pyrazofurin, an inhibitor of UMP synthesis, on Plasmodium falciparum growth in vitro has been studied. ID50 values (concentration of compound causing 50% inhibition of [3H]hypoxanthine incorporation) for the FCQ-27, FCI-1 and K-1 (chloroquine-resistant) isolates were 10 +/- 8.7, 6.4 +/- 5.3 and 6.3 +/- 0.5 microM, respectively. Comparative ID50 values for chloroquine were 13.5 +/- 4.2, 22.8 +/- 7.6 and 343 +/- 114 microM, respectively. Over the 48-h intraerythrocytic cycle of tightly synchronized parasites, pyrazofurin both reduced the parasitemia and retarded the maturation of trophozoites and schizonts. Addition of uracil or uridine to the in vitro culture did not decrease the anti-parasitic activity of pyrazofurin. Chloroquine reduced the parasitemia, but did not retard development of the remaining viable parasites. Pyrazofurin (20 microM) caused a 50% inhibition of parasite orotate phosphoribosyltransferase (E.C. and, in the presence of adenosine kinase and ATP, a 73% inhibition of orotidine-5'-phosphate decarboxylase (E.C.

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