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J Clin Invest. 1986 Mar;77(3):1034-7.

Retrograde perfusion as a model for testing the relative effects of glucose versus insulin on the A cell.

Abstract

In order to determine whether the A cell may be directly suppressed by glucose in the absence of insulin, canine pancreata were perfused in vitro, both antegrade, through the arterial system and retrograde, through the venous system. Studies of the islet microvasculature have suggested that blood flows from the B cell core to the mantle; thus, the A cell may be tonically inhibited by intra-islet insulin. Retrograde perfusion may then be expected to prevent insulin from reaching the A cell, releasing it from inhibition. Retrograde perfusion with 88 mg/dl glucose markedly increased both insulin and glucagon secretion relative to antegrade levels. In a series of experiments, glucose concentrations were changed from 88 to 200 mg/dl. An antegrade glucose change resulted in increased insulin (134+/-21%; P less than 0.0025) and decreased glucagon (-26+/-9%, P less than 0.025) secretion. A retrograde glucose increase resulted in increased secretion of both insulin (91+/-15%; P less than 0.0005) and glucagon (23+/-9%; P less than 0.0125). To confirm that retrograde perfusion deprived the A cell of endogenous core derived, vascularly delivered insulin, possibly resulting in increased insulin sensitivity, 0.3 mU/ml exogenous porcine insulin was infused. Antegrade, 0.3 mU/ml insulin, had no effect on glucagon secretion (P less than 0.250), while retrograde infusion of 0.3 mU/ml insulin significantly inhibited glucagon secretion (-31 + 8%; P less than 0.0005). The results of our study support the concept that the direction of blood flow and of flow-dependent intra-islet hormone interactions are from the islet B cell core to the mantle. It was further concluded that the normal A cell may not be suppressed by glucose in the absence of insulin.

PMID:
3512599
PMCID:
PMC423513
DOI:
10.1172/JCI112356
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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