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Clin Neuropathol. 1986 Jan-Feb;5(1):21-7.

An immunocytochemical comparison of the glia-associated proteins glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S-100 protein (S100P) in human brain tumors.


Immunostaining patterns of two glia-associated proteins, glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and S-100 protein (S100P), were compared using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase (PAP) method on adjacent paraffin sections in 100 brain tumors including 52 astroglial tumors, 13 oligodendrogliomas, 14 ependymomas, 13 choroid plexus papillomas and 8 medulloblastomas. Most astroglial tumors showed similar immunoreactivity for both proteins. Fibrillary processes, however, showed a stronger and more crisp staining with anti-GFAP than with anti-S100P, whereas cell nuclei were labeled only for S100P. Focal dissociation of immunoreactivities for the two proteins was prominent in several malignant astroglial tumors including giant cell glioblastoma, and in subependymal giant cell astrocytoma. In oligodendrogliomas, GFAP-positive neoplastic oligodendrocytes also showed immunoreactivity for S100P; a smaller number of tumor cells were immunoreactive only for S100P, comparable to normal mature oligodendroglia. Most ependymomas were characterized by a similar distribution of cells immunoreactive for both proteins. In choroid plexus papilloma, absent or only focal immunoreactivity for GFAP contrasted with diffuse labeling for S100P in all cases; this seems of value for a differential diagnosis of papillary CNS tumors. In medulloblastoma, some tumor cells of a classical type were immunoreactive only for S100P; on the contrary, GFAP positive tumor cells with sparse or absent immunoreactivity for S100P were found in desmoplastic medulloblastomas. Similar immunoreactivities for both proteins in most tumors suggest a generally parallel production of both proteins by glial tumor cells.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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