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Pharm Res. 1987 Apr;4(2):150-3.

Influence of tablet dissolution on furosemide bioavailability: a bioequivalence study.

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College of Pharmacy, University of Kentucky, Lexington 40506.


In order to evaluate the in vitro dissolution and in vivo bioavailability relationship for furosemide, a bioequivalence study was carried out. Furosemide (40 mg) was administered orally to 12 normal volunteers in a 6 x 6 crossover design using six products (five tablets and one solution) obtained from three pharmaceutical companies. Plasma and urine concentrations of furosemide were quantitated by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Plasma furosemide profiles were analyzed by non-compartmental methods. Compared to the oral solution, all of the formulations exhibited lower peak furosemide concentrations, longer mean residence times, and, in some cases, diminished bioavailability (range, 66-96%). Similar results were obtained when the reference product (a rapidly dissolving tablet) was used as the standard. All of the products failed the 75/75 rule when compared to either reference standard, apparently because of large intersubject variability. The total amount of furosemide excreted in urine could be associated with the percentage drug dissolved (in vitro) at 30 min. The pH 5.6 dissolution medium (compared to pH 4.6) appears to be an appropriate test medium for assuring batch uniformity and bioequivalence of furosemide products.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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