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Microb Pathog. 1987 Oct;3(4):231-7.

Profiles of antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue virus type 2 infection.

Author information

1
Department of Tropical Medicine and Medical Microbiology, University of Hawaii School of Medicine, Honolulu 96822.

Abstract

Antibody-dependent infection enhancement (ADE) was studied with P-388D1 mouse macrophage-like cells, 21 dengue virus type 2 (DEN-2) strains, and 8 monoclonal antibodies reactive with flavivirus group-specific or dengue serotype-specific determinants. Testing a constant number of virions against serial dilutions of antibody for their ability to infect P-388D1 cells, a reproducible 'enhancement profile' was observed. The profile was characterized by (1) appearance, peak, decline, and disappearance of infection enhancement when antibody-containing ascitic fluids were diluted beyond the neutralizing endpoint, and (2) evolution over an approximate 10,000-fold dilutional range. The profiles were similar regardless of whether viruses were complexed with antibody at flavivirus group or serotype determinants, but the antibody dilution at which infection enhancement was maximal varied with the neutralization titer of the antibody. Neutralization and antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue infection appear to be biological outcomes of interactions between antibodies and single viral epitopes at different antibody: virus ratios.

PMID:
3504546
DOI:
10.1016/0882-4010(87)90056-8
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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