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Immunology. 1987 Dec;62(4):669-73.

A factor with interleukin-1-like activity is produced by peritoneal cells from the frog, Xenopus laevis.

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Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester School of Medicine and Dentistry, New York 14642.


Thymocytes from juevenile Xenopus laevis did not proliferate in response to commercial preparations of lipopolysaccharide (LPS), responded poorly when cultured with the T-cell mitogen, phytohaemagglutinin-P (PHA), and were not co-stimulated by PHA plus LPS. However, supernatants (SNs) from LPS-treated cultures of adult Xenopus macrophage-enriched resident peritoneal cells (PCs) enhanced the proliferative responses of thymocytes to a submitogenic dose of PHA. These SNs were incapable of supporting long-term growth of thymic lymphoblast cell lines, and thus could be distinguished from T-cell growth factor (TCGF)-rich SNs, which were essential for propagating these cells. The co-stimulatory activity was present in 0-24-hr SNs; after 48 hr, SN activity declined. No functional cross-reactivity of mammalian and Xenopus interleukin-1 (IL-1)-rich SNs was detected. These data are consistent with the proposition that a macrophage-derived factor, functionally homologous with mammalian IL-1, can enhance a T-cell proliferative response in an amphibian.

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