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Eur J Biochem. 1987 Dec 15;169(3):547-53.

Molecular cloning of cDNA for human complement component C1s. The complete amino acid sequence.

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  • 1Department of Biochemistry, University of Aberdeen, Scotland.


The complete amino acid sequence (673 residues plus 15 residues of leader sequence) of human complement component C1s has been determined by nucleotide sequencing of cDNA clones from a human liver library probed with synthetic oligonucleotides. Much of the sequence is supported by independent amino acid sequence information. The cDNA sequence contains an anomalous "intron-like" sequence, including a stop codon, that can be discounted because of the amino acid sequence evidence. The N-terminal chain (422 residues) of C1s, like that of C1r with which it is broadly homologous, contains five domains: domains I and III are homologous to one another and to similar regions in C1r, domain II is homologous to the epidermal growth factor sequence found in C1r and several other proteins, and domains IV and V are homologous to one another and to the 60-residue repeating sequence found in C1r, C2, factor B, C4-binding protein and some apparently unrelated proteins. The sequence of the C-terminal chain (251 residues) agrees with that already established to be the "serine protease" domain of C1s.

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