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Cell. 1987 Oct 23;51(2):189-97.

Cell adhesion protein receptors as targets for transforming growth factor-beta action.

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Department of Biochemistry, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Worcester 01605.


Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) increases the incorporation of fibronectin and type I collagen into the extracellular matrix of fibroblasts and epithelial cells and enhances the attachment of thymocytes onto a fibronectin substratum. Investigation of the molecular basis for these effects showed that TGF-beta elevates specifically the expression of cell adhesion protein receptors. Treatment of cells with either form of TGF-beta, TGF-beta 1, or TGF-beta 2, increases the rate of receptor synthesis and the level of receptors on the cell surface. TGF-beta acts via two complementary mechanisms, elevation of receptor mRNA and faster kinetics of receptor beta subunit precursor to product conversion. The results show that the expression of cell adhesion receptors is susceptible to pretranslational and posttranslational regulation by factors that control cell morphology, proliferation, and differentiation such as TGF-beta.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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