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Br J Pharmacol. 1987 May;91(1):95-101.

Calcitonin gene-related peptide is localised to human airway nerves and potently constricts human airway smooth muscle.


In human airways synthetic human sequence calcitonin gene-related peptide (hCGRP), a novel peptide produced by alternative processing of mRNA from the calcitonin gene, caused concentration-dependent contraction of human bronchi (EC50 4.9 X 10(-9) M) and was significantly more potent than substance P or carbachol. The contractile response was unaffected by atropine (2 X 10(-6) M), propranolol (10(-6) M), indomethacin (10(-5) M), tetrodotoxin (3 X 10(-6) M), chlorpheniramine (10(-4) M), cimetidine (10(-5) M), or FPL55712 (10(-4) M) suggesting a direct effect of CGRP on airways smooth muscle. CGRP was detected in human airways by radioimmunoassay with highest concentrations in cartilaginous airways. CGRP was localised by immunocytochemistry to both nerves and ganglia in human airways. CGRP, is a potent constrictor of human airways and may have important effects on airway function and be implicated in the pathogenesis of bronchial hyper-responsiveness and asthma.

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