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J Clin Oncol. 1987 May;5(5):750-5.

Peripheral T cell lymphoma.


Thirty-one Chinese patients with peripheral T cell lymphoma (PTCL) were reviewed. Using the modified Japanese Lymphoma Group classification, there were nine (29%) of the pleomorphic type, 16 (52%) immunoblastic lymphadenopathy (IBL)-like, two (7%) T-zone lymphoma, and one (3%) Lennert's lymphoepithelioid type. Three (9%) were not classifiable. All were positive for T11 (E rosette receptor antigen). Fifty-four percent (15 of 28) were positive predominantly for T4 (helper T cell) and 46% (13/28) for T8 (suppressor T cell). The median age of the patients was 57 years. They usually presented with advanced disease, and while extranodal involvement was common, CNS disease was not seen. The IBL-like type was associated with a positive Coombs' test and polyclonal hypergammaglobulinemia. Five of the nine pleomorphic type were checked for antibody to HTLV-I virus and all were negative. PTCL was associated with poor prognosis, which was not influenced by the histologic subtypes and the T4/T8 phenotypes. The complete response rate of 13 consecutive patients who received the BACOP (bleomycin, doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisone) L17M regimen was significantly better than the 16 historic controls who received other less-intensive regiments, 84% v 19% (P less than .01). The relapse rate was also significantly lower, 9% v 100% (P less than .001). There appeared to be an improvement in the disease-free survival (DFS) (80% v 0% at 18 months), as well as the overall survival (60% v 36% at 18 months), but the differences did not reach statistical significance due to small sample sizes.

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