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Am J Cardiol. 1987 Apr 1;59(8):804-7.

Coronary artery bypass surgery in patients aged 80 years or older.

Abstract

Between August 1980 and January 1986, 23 patients aged 80 years or older underwent coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) operations. These patients had a higher incidence of severe left main coronary artery narrowing (p less than 0.0001), 3-vessel coronary artery disease (p less than 0.05) and moderate to severe left ventricular dysfunction (p less than 0.05) than patients in the Coronary Artery Surgery Study registry older than 65 years. Of 14 patients undergoing elective simple CABG procedures, none died; of 19 elective cases overall, 2 patients died (11%). Three of 4 patients undergoing emergency procedures (75%) and 4 of 6 patients (67%) requiring intraaortic balloon counterpulsation died. Significant complications occurred in 9 of 18 survivors (50%). All operative survivors improved at least 1 New York Heart Association class, with a mean classification improvement of 3.7 to 1.6 (p less than 0.0001); 13 of 16 long-term survivors were in class I or II. Actuarial survival at 1 and 2 years is 94% and 82%, respectively. CABG can be performed electively in octogenarian patients with increased but acceptable mortality and morbidity risks. Functional improvement and long-term survival are excellent.

PMID:
3493680
DOI:
10.1016/0002-9149(87)91095-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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