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Miner Electrolyte Metab. 1986;12(5-6):375-82.

Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism of predialysis chronic renal failure with low doses of 1,25(OH)2D3: humoral and histomorphometric results.


Treatment of secondary hyperparathyroidism and the osteodystrophy of predialysis chronic renal failure (CRF) with 1,25(OH)2D3 has been advocated by several authors, but also opposed by others for alleged renal toxicity. However, current concepts of the pathogenesis of the early occurrence of secondary hyperparathyroidism in predialysis CRF point to deficiency of 1,25(OH)2D3 as a primary factor. The aim of this study was to evaluate if administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 (0.25 microgram daily) in a dose which would not induce hypercalcemia, would improve humoral and bone histomorphometric parameters in predialysis CRF. 15 patients with predialysis CRF (mean age 51.2 +/- 16.9 years, range 13-73 years), serum creatinine 4.93 +/- 1.7 mg/dl, were treated with the vitamin D metabolite for an average of 16.2 +/- 11.3 months, at the end of which a transiliac bone biopsy for histomorphometry was performed. In addition, 23 patients comparable for age, serum creatinine and causes of renal failure, served as controls. Treatment did not induce hypercalcemia nor adversely modify the rate of decline of renal function. Alkaline phosphatase fell significantly while immunoreactive parathyroid hormone (iPTH) and osteocalcin showed a moderate, not significant, decrease. Compared to the control patients, the bone histomorphometric parameters active resorption surface and active osteoblastic surface were significantly lower and almost normalized by treatment. In conclusion, the study provides conclusive evidence of the absence of toxicity of the metabolite at the low doses employed, together with good therapeutic response on bone histology. Treatment at this dosage could be made in the early stages of predialysis CRF without need of close and continuous monitoring of serum biochemical parameters.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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