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Natural immunity against ovarian tumors.


We have analysed natural killer (NK) cytotoxic activity in peripheral blood and ascitic fluids of patients with advanced stage of ovarian epithelial carcinoma. All patients displayed low NK activity in peripheral blood and virtually no cytotoxicity in ascitic fluids. NK activity in ascitic fluids could be substantially augmented after regional administration of virus-modified tumor cell extracts (VMTE), and that in peripheral blood after culture of effector cells with interleukin-2 (IL-2) in vitro. Activated NK cells displayed cytotoxic activity against NK-sensitive and NK-resistant tumor cell lines as well as against fresh ovarian tumors. Parallelism was found between regional NK augmentation and regression of malignant ascites. The latter observation suggests possible NK cell role in defense against ovarian tumors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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