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J Clin Immunol. 1986 Jul;6(4):284-91.

Secretory antibodies in IgA-deficient and immunosuppressed individuals.

Abstract

Total levels of IgM and secretory IgM as well as specific antibodies to poliovirus type I antigen, Escherichia coli O antigens, and beta-lactoglobulin were measured in unstimulated and stimulated saliva as well as nasal secretion using an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The levels of these antibodies in IgA-deficient adults with and without frequent respiratory infections and children under immunosuppressive therapy for malignant disease were compared to those in normal adults and infants 1-7 months of age. The IgA-deficient adults had significantly higher IgM levels (P less than 0.002) than the normal adults as well as higher levels of IgM antibodies to poliovirus type I (P less than 0.05) and E. coli O antigen (P less than 0.002). There was a less pronounced IgM anti-beta-lactoglobulin compensation. Secretory component (SC)-carrying antibodies against all three antigens were lower than in normal adults. The infants studied had levels of IgM in secretions close to those of the normal adults and significantly lower than those of the IgA-deficient adults (P less than 0.001) but with a higher proportion of SC-carrying IgM. The increase in total IgM and specific bacterial and viral IgM antibodies in saliva above that of the normal adults was significant (P less than 0.001-0.005) for those IgA-deficient individuals without, but not for those with, frequent infections. There was, however, no significant difference between the levels in the two groups of IgA-deficient adults.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

PMID:
3489000
DOI:
10.1007/bf00917328
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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