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Brain Res. 1986 May 7;372(2):345-51.

CRF-induced seizures and behavior: interaction with amygdala kindling.


Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of ovine corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) in doses varying from 10 to 100 micrograms has been reported to produce the late onset of seizures that resemble those observed during electrical kindling of the amygdala. We assessed the effects of repeated CRF administration on seizure development and on subsequent electrical kindling of the amygdala. Rats were administered vehicle or CRF (100 micrograms in 10 microliter of sterile water, i.c.v.) once daily for 5 consecutive days and were rated for seizures and aggressive behavior. On days 1 or 2, all animals receiving CRF developed major motor seizures of late onset (1-5 h post-injection), accompanied by spiking in the amygdala. By day 5, however, no rats had seizures, suggesting the development of tolerance. Defensive biting attacks were also observed following latencies of several hours and tolerance appeared to develop to these as well. After the CRF regimen, treated rats developed amygdala-kindled seizures following electrical stimulation approximately twice as fast as vehicle-injected controls (P less than 0.03). In a second experiment, rats were electrically kindled or sham-kindled prior to receiving i.c.v. CRF (100 micrograms). Kindled animals were significantly less sensitive to the seizure-inducing effects of CRF (P less than 0.03), but were more intensely aggressive than sham-kindled animals or naive rats receiving CRF for the first time.

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