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J Immunol. 1986 Mar 1;136(5):1680-7.

Two distinct monokines, interleukin 1 and tumor necrosis factor, each independently induce biosynthesis and transient expression of the same antigen on the surface of cultured human vascular endothelial cells.


A murine monoclonal antibody (H4/18) raised against cultured human endothelial cells (HEC) prestimulated by the monokine interleukin 1 (IL 1) recognizes a cell surface molecule inducible by IL 1 or by the distinct monokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF) in primary or serially passaged HEC. H4/18 binding is not basally expressed or inducible by IL 1 in an SV-40 transformed HEC line, in human dermal fibroblasts, or in blood leukocytes. Expression of this molecule by HEC in response to IL 1 can be blocked by protein and RNA synthesis inhibitors but not by cyclooxygenase inhibitors. In addition, H4/18 can immunoprecipitate two biosynthetically labeled polypeptides (Mr 100,000 and 120,000) from HEC stimulated with IL 1 but not from control HEC. Thus, the H4/18 binding site appears to be an inducible surface protein specific for HEC. The majority of HEC in a culture can be induced to express the H4/18 binding protein, but expression is transient (peak 4 to 6 hr) and over the next 24 hr declines to near basal levels either in the continued presence of or upon removal of IL 1. The magnitude of the peak response depends upon IL 1 concentration (peak 5 to 10 U/ml), and the response is optimized by the continued presence of IL 1 during the initial 4- to 6-hr induction period. The time of peak H4/18 binding does not appear to be a function of IL 1 concentration. The decline of H4/18 binding from peak levels is prevented by cycloheximide, a protein synthesis inhibitor. HEC maintained in the presence of IL 1 for 24 hr become refractory to restimulation by IL 1; however, IL 1-stimulated cells rested in the absence of IL 1 for 20 hr can be stimulated by fresh IL 1. HEC expression of the H4/18 binding protein is not induced by interleukin 2 or by interferon-alpha, -beta, or -gamma. Induction of H4/18 binding by TNF is also concentration dependent, transient, and dependent upon protein and RNA synthesis. Several observations suggest that IL1 and TNF act independently on HEC. Our TNF is a recombinant protein, expressed from a cloned cDNA and thus free of IL 1 contamination; it also has no activity in a highly sensitive IL 1 assay. Our standard IL 1 preparation is affinity purified and lacks TNF activity on L929 cells. Thus, our monokine preparations are not cross-contaminated. Most interestingly, HEC incubated with IL 1 and refractory to IL1 restimulation can be restimulated by TNF to express H4/18 binding and vice versa.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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