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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Jan 30;869(2):147-57.

Complete amino acid sequence and location of the five disulfide bridges in porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase.


Porcine pancreatic alpha-amylase (1,4-alpha-D-glucan glucanohydrolase EC, a single polypeptide chain, contains nine residues of methionine. Eight different fragments resulting from cleavage of this molecule by cyanogen bromide were characterized. The sequences of six of them have previously been reported. Two missing fragments, CN2 (82 residues) and CN3b1 (76 residues) were purified after breaking of the interpeptidic disulfide bridge and their complete sequence as well as that of the previously purified CN1 peptide (102 residues) are reported here. The location of the three disulfide bridges present in these peptides was determined. Ordering of the carboxymethylated cyanogen bromide fragments was carried out by pulse labeling the amylase chain in vivo. The complete sequence of the porcine pancreatic amylase chain (496 residues) and the location of its five disulfide bridges is presented. Comparison with human and mouse pancreatic and salivary alpha-amylases and with rat pancreatic amylase obtained from the corresponding cDNA nucleotidic sequences shows a high degree of homology between mammalian alpha-amylases.

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