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Mol Gen Genet. 1987 Dec;210(2):323-30.

The nucleotide sequence of the sigma factor gene ntrA (rpoN) of Azotobacter vinelandii: analysis of conserved sequences in NtrA proteins.

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AFRC Unit of Nitrogen Fixation, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK.


The nucleotide sequence of the Azotobacter vinelandii ntrA gene has been determined. It encodes a 56916 Dalton acidic polypeptide (AvNtrA) with substantial homology to NtrA from Klebsiella pneumoniae (KpNtrA) and Rhizobium meliloti (RmNtrA). NtrA has been shown to act as a novel RNA polymerase sigma factor but the predicted sequence of AvNtrA substantiates our previous analysis of KpNtrA in showing no substantial homology to other known sigma factors. Alignment of the predicted amino acid sequences of AvNtrA, KpNtrA and RmNtrA identified three regions; two showing greater than 50% homology and an intervening sequence of less than 10% homology. The predicted protein contains a short sequence near the centre with homology to a conserved region in other sigma factors. The C-terminal region contains a region of homology to the beta' subunit of RNA polymerase (RpoC) and two highly conserved regions one of which is significantly homologous to known DNA-binding motifs. In A. vinelandii, ntrA is followed by another open reading frame (ORF) which is highly homologous to a comparable ORF downstream of ntrA in K. pneumoniae and R. meliloti.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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