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Cell Immunol. 1987 Oct 15;109(2):384-96.

Effect of antisera against recombinant tumor necrosis factor and the monocyte-derived cytotoxin(s) on monocyte-mediated killing of various tumor cells.

Author information

1
Institute of Cancer Research, University of Trondheim, Norway.

Abstract

Antisera raised against recombinant tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and against the monocyte-derived cytotoxic/cytostatic protein factor (CF), which is related to recombinant TNF, have been compared with respect to their ability to inhibit monocyte-mediated killing of various types of cells which differ in their sensitivity to recombinant TNF. During 6 hr of coculturing monocytes and target cells, the recombinant TNF antiserum inhibited killing of the extremely TNF-sensitive WEHI 164 clone 13 cells and actinomycin D-treated WEHI 164 cells from which the clone 13 cells were derived (parental WEHI 164 cells (P-WEHI 164 cells]. The CF antiserum also inhibited monocyte-mediated killing of these cells during 6 hr of coculturing with monocytes, but on a per volume basis it was less potent than the recombinant TNF antiserum, consistent with the fact that the CF antiserum also was much less potent in inhibiting the cytotoxic activity of recombinant TNF. However, during 72 hr of coculturing with monocytes and target cells, the CF antiserum inhibited monocyte-mediated killing of P-WEHI 164 cells more efficiently than the recombinant TNF antiserum. Moreover, during 72 hr of coculturing with monocytes, only the CF antiserum was able to significantly inhibit monocyte-mediated killing of the relatively recombinant TNF-resistant K562 cells. This suggests that a factor immunologically different from recombinant TNF, perhaps a form of natural TNF differing somewhat immunologically from recombinant TNF, was involved in the killing of K562 cells, and possibly in the killing of P-WEHI 164 cells, during 72 hr of coculturing with monocytes. Although this factor was present extracellularly, it appears that it may act as a monocyte-associated factor in monocyte-mediated killing of K562 cells, since exposure to recombinant interferon-gamma (rIFN-gamma) in the absence of Escherichia coli endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide, LPS) activated the monocytes to mediate killing of K562 cells more efficiently than exposure to LPS alone, despite the fact that only little cytotoxic/cytostatic activity was released from the monocytes without the addition of LPS. The ability of rIFN-gamma and LPS to activate monocytes to produce and release CF has also been studied.

PMID:
3478143
DOI:
10.1016/0008-8749(87)90321-2
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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