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Radiat Res. 1987 Oct;112(1):164-72.

The modification of hemoglobin affinity for oxygen and tumor radiosensitivity by antilipidemic drugs.

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1
Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Stanford School of Medicine, Stanford University, California 94305.

Abstract

It has been recognized for some time that alterations in the affinity of Hb for oxygen could offer a means of improving oxygen delivery to tumors and achieving radiosensitization. Three antilipidemic drugs, clofibrate, bezafibrate, and gemfibrozil, two of which had previously been shown to reduce Hb/O2 affinity in vitro, were tested in mice for their ability to affect Hb/O2 affinity and to alter the radiosensitivity of the RIF-1 sarcoma. Each of the drugs produced a significant increase in the P50 of the blood, from a mean control value of 45 mm Hg to 55, 74, and 51 mm Hg after a dose of 1 g/kg of clofibrate, bezafibrate, and gemfibrozil, respectively. However, they had very different effects on the radiosensitivity of the RIF-1 tumor. When the mice breathed air at the time of irradiation, clofibrate produced a marked sensitization equivalent at the optimum time to a 20-fold reduction in hypoxic fraction; bezafibrate gave a lower sensitization equivalent to a 4-fold reduction, while gemfibrozil caused dramatic radioresistance equivalent to a 10-fold increase in hypoxic fraction. When the mice were given 95% O2/5% CO2 to breathe at the time of irradiation to ensure complete Hb saturation in the lungs, a large increase in the sensitization by bezafibrate was seen, but there was only a small change with clofibrate. We conclude that drugs which reduce Hb/O2 affinity could have a role in sensitizing tumors to radiation.

PMID:
3477829
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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