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Res Commun Chem Pathol Pharmacol. 1987 May;56(2):235-42.

Role of dehydropeptidase-I in the metabolism of glutathione and its conjugates in the rat kidney.

Abstract

14C-N-Ethylmaleimide-S-cysteinylglycine was used to investigate the role of dehydropeptidase-I in the metabolism of glutathione conjugates. The dipeptide was rapidly hydrolyzed to 14C-N-ethylmaleimide-S-cysteine in isolated rat renal cells, and subsequently acetylated to 14C-N-ethylmaleimide-S-N-acetylcysteine. Cilastatin, a specific inhibitor of dehydropeptidase-I, strongly inhibited the hydrolysis of the dipeptide by the isolated cells. In rat kidney homogenates, the marked inhibitory effect of cilastatin was also observed on the hydrolysis of cystinyl-bis-glycine and leukotriene D4, which are dipeptide intermediates in the biotransformation of oxidized glutathione and endogenous glutathione conjugate, respectively. In contrast, the inhibitory effect of bestatin, a potent inhibitor of aminopeptidase-M, was much smaller than that of cilastatin on the hydrolysis of these dipeptides by the renal cells and homogenates. These results suggest that dehydropeptidase-I plays a more important role in the metabolism of glutathione and its conjugates than aminopeptidase-M does.

PMID:
3474745
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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