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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1987 May 29;145(1):436-42.

Transforming growth factor beta inhibits DNA synthesis in hepatocytes isolated from normal and regenerating rat liver.


The inhibitory action of transforming growth factor beta (TGF beta) on DNA synthesis in hepatocytes isolated from the liver of normal rats or from the liver remnant of rats 18 h following partial hepatectomy was compared. Continuous exposure to TGF beta inhibited DNA synthesis of cultured hepatocytes to a similar degree in both groups when labelled with 3H thymidine from 24-48 h or 48-72 h. At 20 pM TGF beta, 3H-thymidine incorporation was reduced by 64-78% in hepatocytes from normal liver and by 60-73% in cells from 18 h regenerating liver. The nuclear labelling index was reduced by 70-80% in all cells. Exposure to TGF beta at concentrations up to 500 pM from 0-24 h had no effect on 3H-thymidine incorporation, but exposure at 20 pM for 24 h periods thereafter was uniformally effective. These results indicate that there is no change in sensitivity of hepatocytes from 18 h regenerating liver to TGF beta, compared with normal cells, and that TGF beta may act at some point in the G1 phase of the cell cycle to inhibit hepatocyte growth.

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