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J Burn Care Rehabil. 1987 Nov-Dec;8(6):580-4.

Bioengineering principles of hydrotherapy.

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  • 1Departments of Plastic Surgery, University of Virginia School of Medicine, Charlottesville 22908.


Hydrotherapy is based on several important bioengineering principles that permit the design and development of aquatic exercise devices, techniques and programs. These principles involve several forces (buoyancy, drag, inertia), hydrostatic pressure and the specific heat of water. By acquiring a knowledge of these bioengineering principles, an individualized exercise program can be prescribed that will enhance physical fitness which is associated with desirable psychological changes.

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