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Gene. 1987;59(1):137-44.

Excision and integration of a self-transmissible replicon of Streptomyces ambofaciens.

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Laboratoire de Biologie et Génétique Moléculaire, L.A. C.N.R.S. No. 40086, Université Paris-Sud, Orsay, France.


When Streptomyces ambofaciens OSF was crossed with the plasmid-free Streptomyces lividans TK24, almost all S. lividans exconjugants contained the free 11.1-kb plasmid pOS1. Southern hybridizations showed that pOS1 was derived from the integrated copy of previously recognized plasmid pSAM2 present in strain OSF. A shorter derivative of pOS1 was constructed carrying the tsr gene in a non-essential region, and this pOS7 plasmid was used in transformation experiments with protoplasts of S. ambofaciens ATCC23877 (containing pSAM2 only as an integrated sequence) and S. ambofaciens DSM40697 (devoid of pSAM2-related forms). In both cases, some clones carrying pOS7 in an integrated state were found. Integration into strain ATCC23877 was into the pre-existing integrated copy of pSAM2. In contrast, plasmid pOS7 integrated through specific plasmidic and chromosomal sites into strain DSM40697. Thus it is probable that pSAM2 integrates by interaction between preferred regions of the plasmid and host genomes.

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