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Exp Brain Res. 1987;69(1):213-9.

A current source density analysis of field potentials evoked in slices of visual cortex.

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Max-Planck-Institut für Hirnforschung, Frankfurt, Federal Republic of Germany.


The method of one-dimensional current source density (CSD) analysis was applied to field potentials recorded from 350 microns thick slices of the primary visual cortex of rats and cats. Field potentials were elicited by stimulation of the white matter and recorded along trajectories perpendicular to the cortical layers at spatial intervals of 25 to 50 microns. The resulting CSD distributions resembled closely those recorded from the cat visual cortex "in vivo". The responses with the shortest latency were distinct sinks in layers IV and VI probably reflecting monosynaptic EPSP's from specific thalamic afferents. From layer IV activity was relayed along three major routes: 1. to the supragranular layers via strong local connections to layer III and from there via both short and long range connections to layer II, 2. to targets within layer IV, and 3. to layer V. The source distributions suggest that the projections to layers III and II terminate on the proximal and distal segments, respectively, of apical dendrites of layer III pyramidal cells while the projection to layer V contacts the apical dendrites of layer VI pyramidal cells. These results indicate that all the excitatory pathways that are detectable with the CSD technique in the "in vivo" preparation remain intact in 350 micron thick cortical slices. However, in the slice paired pulse stimulation did not lead to a depression of the response to the second stimulus while this is the case "in vivo". This might be due to reduced inhibition in the slice which has been reported by several authors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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