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Pediatr Res. 1987 Dec;22(6):698-702.

A mouse model of chronic pulmonary infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Pseudomonas cepacia.

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1
Department of Pediatrics, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, Texas 77030.

Abstract

A mouse model of chronic pulmonary infection with either Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Pseudomonas cepacia was developed to compare bacteriologic and pathologic features of these infections. Experimental pneumonia was established in Swiss mice by transoral intratracheal inoculation of 10(3)-10(4) colony-forming units of mucoid P. aeruginosa or P. cepacia enmeshed in agarose beads. Unilateral infection with either strain was tolerated without morbidity. By 10 days postinoculation, the mean colony-forming units per infected lung was 3.8 X 10(5) for P. aeruginosa and 1.0 X 10(5) for P. cepacia. Bacterial counts remained stable through 21 days with no significant difference between organisms. Acute and chronic inflammatory histopathologic changes similar to many found in the lungs of cystic fibrosis patients were present in 95% of lung specimens. The changes occurred with both organisms but were more extensive with mucoid P. aeruginosa. This model represents an important tool for study of the contribution of complement, antibody, and adoptive transfer of T cell-mediated immunity to the pathogenesis of chronic pneumonia with Pseudomonas species, and represents the first successful model of chronic pulmonary infection with P. cepacia.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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