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Clin Chim Acta. 1987 Nov 16;169(2-3):151-7.

Increased excretion of propan-1,3-diol and 3-hydroxypropionic acid apparently caused by abnormal bacterial metabolism in the gut.

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Regional Neonatal Screening Laboratory, Middlewood Hospital, Sheffield, UK.


Three patients who died in infancy showed an unusual urinary organic acid pattern with excessive excretion of 3-hydroxypropionic acid but none of the other metabolites normally associated with propionyl-CoA carboxylase deficiency. Propan-1,3-diol was present in the urine in all three cases. In the two patients examined propionyl-CoA carboxylase activity was not deficient in cultured skin fibroblasts. A fourth patient, also severely ill, showed similar urinary abnormalities. Feeding a medium-chain triglyceride-rich diet to this patient increased the ratio of 3-hydroxypropionic acid to propan-1,3-diol and resulted also in the appearance of malonic acid in the urine. These abnormal metabolites disappeared on the administration of neomycin and presumably were produced by gut bacteria.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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