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Biochemistry. 1987 Oct 6;26(20):6494-502.

Carbon monoxide binding to human hemoglobin A0.

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Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder 80309-0215.


The carbon monoxide binding curve to human hemoglobin A0 has been measured to high precision in experimental conditions of 600 microM heme, 0.1 M N-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid, 0.1 M NaCl, 10 mM inositol hexaphosphate, 1 mM disodium ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid, pH 6.94, and 25 degrees C. Comparison to the oxygen binding curve in the same experimental conditions demonstrates that the two curves are not parallel. This result invalidates Haldane's two laws for the partitioning between carbon monoxide and oxygen to human hemoglobin. The partition coefficient is found to be 263 +/- 27 at high saturation, in agreement with previous studies, but is lowered substantially at low saturation. Although the oxygen and carbon monoxide binding curves are not parallel, both show the population of the triply ligated species to be negligible. The molecular mechanism underlying carbon monoxide binding to hemoglobin is consistent with the allosteric model [Di Cera, E., Robert, C. H., & Gill, S. J. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 4003-4008], which accounts for the negligible contribution of the triply ligated species in the oxygen binding reaction to hemoglobin [Gill, S. J., Di Cera, E., Doyle, M. L., Bishop, G. A., & Robert, C. H. (1987) Biochemistry 26, 3995-4002]. The nature of the different binding properties of carbon monoxide stems largely from the lower partition coefficient of the T state (123 +/- 34), relative to the R state (241 +/- 19).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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