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Anat Rec. 1987 Nov;219(3):311-4.

Relationship between genital ridge formation and settlement site of primordial germ cells in chick embryos.

Author information

1
Kumamoto University College of Medical Science, Japan.

Abstract

Chick embryos from stage 15 to stage 18, which is the most frequent extravasation period, were investigated by means of serial sections and light microscopy in order to learn the detailed relationship between the settlement sites of the primordial germ cells (PGCs) and the forming genital ridge. PGCs circulating in the vascular system came out of the small vessels in the splanchnopleure posterior to the vitelline artery. This PGC extravasation was limited to an area about 1.2 mm caudal to the vitelline artery. After the extravasation, the PGCs entered the neighboring thickened coelomic epithelium of the splanchnopleure. This thickened epithelium, which had incorporated the PGCs, changed the location toward the future gonadal site with the advance of development. At stage 16, the thickened portion of the epithelium was located in the splanchnopleure; then it moved toward the somatopleure via the coelomic angle; finally, at stage 18, this epithelium occupied the region between coelomic angle and the mesonephros which corresponded to the future genital ridge. This means that the thickened epithelium of the splanchnopleure which initially incorporated the PGCs becomes the superficial epithelium of the genital ridge in more advanced stages. The thickened portion of the epithelium of the splanchnopleure at stage 16 is thought to be the definitive gonadal anlage.

PMID:
3425950
DOI:
10.1002/ar.1092190312
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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