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Transfusion. 1988 Sep-Oct;28(5):412-8.

Evaluation of atypical human immunodeficiency virus immunoblot reactivity in blood donors.

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American Red Cross Blood Services-Syracuse Region, NY.


Blood donors reactive by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay for antibody to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) who showed atypical patterns of viral core protein reactivity on Western blot were monitored for several months. Characterization of their antibodies was performed by 1) use of recombinant HIV proteins; 2) determination of cross-reactivity to HTLV-I, HTLV-II, and HTLV-IV: 3) assessment of immune status; and 4) identification of potentially interfering autoantibodies. Nineteen of 20 donors maintained the same HIV antibody reactivity throughout the follow-up period; the other donor became fully antibody-positive. Eighteen of 20 donors' sera showed clear reactivity with HIV recombinant core proteins. Ten of 19 donor samples demonstrated cross-reactivity to HTLV-IV; 3 of these 10 also cross-reacted with HTLV-I. The immune status of all donors was normal, although the medical histories and HLA antibody screens suggested possible autoimmune reactivity in 9 of 18 donors. During follow-up interviews, three donors reported possible risk factors for HIV infection that had not been acknowledged at the time of blood donation. We conclude that exclusion of donors with these atypical serologic test results is warranted while further studies to determine significance are being conducted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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