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J Biol Chem. 1978 Feb 10;253(3):783-8.

Chemical and functional properties of the native and reconstituted forms of the membrane-bound, aerobic glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli.


A simple purification for the membrane-associated, flavin-linked, glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase of Escherichia coli has been developed which yields homogeneous enzyme in a detergent-solubilized state. 1. The dissociated form of the enzyme has a molecular weight of 58,000 and contains 0.5 mol of FAD/mol of protein monomer. 2. The solubilized enzyme-catalyzed reaction has a pH profile and temperature dependence similar to that observed for the membrane-bound enzyme. 3. The most efficient electron acceptor is potassium ferricyanide but phenazine methosulfate, methylene blue, menadione, and dichlorophenolindophenol can also be utilized. 4. The reaction is competitively inhibited by dihydroxyacetone phosphate, phosphoenolpyruvate, phosphoglycolic acid, glyceraldehyde-3-phosphate, and D-2- and D-3-phosphoglyceric acid. 5. The activity of the enzyme is regulated in a complex manner by ATP and GTP. 6. Detergent-depleted enzyme can be functionally reconstituted with Escherichia coli membrane vesicles to support glycerol-3-phosphate-dependent active transport of L-proline. 7. Detergent-depleted enzyme requires exogenous phospholipid or nondenaturing detergent for electron transfer activity.

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