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Arzneimittelforschung. 1988 Apr;38(4):570-4.

[Pharmacokinetics and laxative effect of bisacodyl following administration of various dosage forms].

[Article in German]

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Abteilung Biochemie, Gruppe Pharmakokinetik und Metabolismus, Dr. Karl Thomae GmbH, Biberach an der Riss.


Since its introduction into the market in 1952, bisacodyl has been successfully used worldwide as a laxative. In discussions on the kinetics and the laxative effect, it is often neglected that results obtained after the administration of the pure compound bisacodyl cannot be transferred to distinctive bisacodyl formulations. The aim of the present investigation is therefore to study the absorption and the plasma level profile and to correlate plasma level profile and laxative effect after the administration of various dosage forms. 12 healthy volunteers were administered with 10 mg bisacodyl as an experimental solution, with an acid resistant, commercially available Dulcolax Dragees (2 x 5 mg) and with a 10 mg Dulcolax suppository. Following glucuronidase cleavage, mean maximum plasma levels of 236.5 +/- 59.2 ng/ml of bis-(p-hydroxyphenyl)-pyridyl-2-methane (BHPM) were reached after the administration of the solution 1.7 h post administration (p.a.), however, the laxative effect did not occur until 5.7 h +/- 0.7 h p.a. The dominant biological half-life of deconjugated BHPM, the diphenol of bisacodyl which circulated as BHPM-glucuronide, was about 16.5 +/- 4.2 h. The dragee yielded the desired low plasma levels which were between 7 and 47 ng/ml at 4-10 h p.a. In comparison to the solution only 16% were absorbed after the administration of the dragee. The laxative effect started 7.7 h +/- 1.7 h p.a. with no apparent relationship between effect and plasma level. The administration of the suppository resulted 20 +/- 10 min p.a. in a prompt laxative effect, although in 6 out 12 subjects, the plasma levels were below the detection limit.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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