Send to

Choose Destination
Neuroscience. 1988 May;25(2):439-56.

Localization of distinct monoamine oxidase A and monoamine oxidase B cell populations in human brainstem.

Author information

Department of Anatomy and Neurosciences, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston 77550.


Monoclonal antibodies, specific for either monoamine oxidases A or B, were used to determine the localization of monoamine oxidase in the human brain. Two distinct populations of neurons were detected by immunocytochemical staining. Neurons in regions rich in catecholamines were positive for monoamine oxidase A, including the nucleus locus coeruleus, the nucleus subcoeruleus and the medullary reticular formation. In these regions, monoamine oxidase A could be co-localized with the synthetic enzyme, dopamine-beta-hydroxylase. Neurons in the substantia nigra and the periventricular region of the hypothalamus, areas rich in dopamine neurons, stained for monoamine oxidase A but with much less frequency and intensity. The major accumulation of monoamine oxidase B-positive neurons was observed in the same regions in which monoamine oxidase B is found to co-localize with serotonin in monkey tissues, including the nucleus raphe dorsalis and the nucleus centralis superior. In addition, both monoamine oxidase A and B were localized in distinct populations of neurons in the lateral and tuberal regions of the hypothalamus, a region shown recently to contain histamine neurons in rats. Some glial cells were stained throughout the brain for monoamine oxidase A or B suggesting that glia are capable of either expression or uptake of these proteins.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center