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Mol Endocrinol. 1988 Mar;2(3):263-71.

Ligand-modulated regulation of progesterone receptor messenger ribonucleic acid and protein in human breast cancer cell lines.

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Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of Illinois College of Medicine, Urbana, Illinois 61801.


We have examined the effects of estrogen and progestin agonist and antagonist ligands on regulation of progesterone receptor (PR) protein and mRNA levels in a variety of human breast cancer cell lines. By Northern blot analysis, using human PR cDNA probes, PR mRNA in T47D and MCF-7 cells appears as five species of approximately 11.4, 5.8, 5.3, 3.5, and 2.8 kilobases. PR mRNA species are not detected in the PR protein-negative breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and LY2. T47D cells contain high levels of PR mRNA and protein (detected by hormone binding assay or Western blot analysis), and the PR protein and mRNA content of T47D cells are reduced to about 10% of the control level within 48 h of treatment with 10 nM promegestone; 17, 21-dimethyl-19-nor-pregna-4,9-diene-3, 20-dione (R5020) or 16 alpha-ethyl-21-hydroxy-19-nor-pregn-4-ene-3,20-dione (ORG2058), both potent progestins. In contrast, treatment of T47D cells with the antiprogestin 17 beta-hydroxy-11 beta-[4-dimethylaminophenyl]-17 alpha-(1-propynyl)-estra- 4, 9-dien-3-one) (RU38486) reduces PR protein and mRNA levels only transiently. PR protein and mRNA are virtually undetectable in control MCF-7 cells grown in the absence of estrogens. When estradiol is administered to MCF-7 cells, the PR mRNA and protein levels increase gradually and proportionately (10- or 40-fold, respectively, in 3 days).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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