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Diet-induced metabolic acidosis and the performance of high intensity exercise in man.

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  • 1Department of Environmental & Occupational Medicine, University Medical School, Aberdeen, Scotland.


The influence of four isolated periods of dietary manipulation upon high intensity exercise capacity was investigated in six healthy male subjects. Subjects consumed their 'normal' (N) diet (45 +/- 2% carbohydrate (CHO), 41 +/- 3% fat, 14 +/- 3% protein) for four days after which they exercised to voluntary exhaustion at a workload equivalent to 100% VO2max. Three further four-day periods of dietary manipulation took place; these were assigned in a randomised manner and each was followed by a high intensity exercise test. The dietary treatments were: a low CHO (3 +/- 1%), high fat (71 +/- 5%), high protein (26 +/- 3%) diet (HFHP); a high CHO (73 +/- 2%), low fat (12 +/- 2%), normal protein (15 +/- 1%) diet (HCLF); and a normal CHO (47 +/- 3%), low fat (27 +/- 2%), high protein (26 +/- 2%) diet (LFHP). Acid-base status and blood lactate concentration were measured on arterialised-venous blood at rest prior to dietary manipulation on each day of the different diets, immediately prior to exercise and at 2, 4, 6, 10 and 15 min post-exercise. Other metabolite concentrations were measured in the blood samples obtained prior to dietary manipulation and immediately prior to exercise. Exercise time to exhaustion after the HFHP diet (179 +/- 63 s) was shorter when compared with the N (210 +/- 65 s; p less than 0.01) and HCLF (219 +/- 69 s; p less than 0.05) diets.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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